## Equivalent fractions with a Fraction Wall

### March 3, 2014

This week we will continue making our fraction wall and learning how to calculate equivalent fractions. Using your fraction wall, find equivalent fractions for the following: 1/2 (one half); 1/3 (one third); 1/4 (one quarter) 2/3 (two thirds) and 3/4 (three quarters). What are some other equivalent fractions that are “off the scale” – using fifteenths, sixteenths, twentieths or hundredths?

To **add** or **subtract** fractions we need to make sure they have the same denominator (bottom number). We can convert fractions so that they have the same denominator by multiplying both the numerator and the denominator by the same number. This interactive from NLVM helps to compare fractions and create fractions with the same denominator.

Here are some links to sites for learning more about fractions:

- Lots of interactive games about fractions from Cool Carney
- More fraction games from MathPlay.com
- Multiplying fractions from Maths Playground
- Rectangular multiplication from NLVM

## Apps for Year 7 Maths – Number

### February 22, 2014

Image source – screenshot from the “Motion Maths” app, in which the user must tilt the device to “bounce” the ball at a specific point along a number line.

This term we are starting with the characteristics of whole numbers and then fractions and decimals, including the following concepts:

– positive and negative integers

– square numbers and square roots

– factors and multiples

– prime and composite numbers

– prime factor trees

There are several apps that may assist you or your child to understand these concepts. The following apps are all available on IOS devices (iPhones, iPods and iPads) and some may be available on android devices.

- Zoom (place value – ordering whole numbers)

- Wings (greater than and less than, multiplication)

- Motion Maths (fractions)

- Wishball (place value, addition and subtraction)

- Fraction Factory (fractions, decimals and percentages)

- Number Line (fractions, decimals and percentages)

## Algebra is not a dirty word!

### October 17, 2013

So far you have learned some really good skills that contribute to your developing understanding of algebra. Most of you are able to do the first four or five activities:

- Recognizing and continuing number patterns – using positive and negative integers, fractions and decimals.
- Identifying and combining like terms.
- Substitution – replacing a number for a letter in an equation.
- Finding the missing number in a simple equation.
- Backtracking to solve two-step and three-step equations.

Here are some digital resources that I would like you to use to practise these skills:

- Shape times shape – identify what number each shape represents.
- Maths is Fun – Introduction to Algebra
- BBC Bitesize – using formulae
- Algebra balance scales
- Algebra balance scales with negatives
- MathsNet - Equation buster

## MInecraft Maths – Surface Area and Volume

### September 12, 2013

Games based learning has been a hot topic in the last year or so and one of the most popular games in educational use has been Minecraft. Although there has been some debate about the value of learning outcomes, many students would agree that Minecraft is a fun way to learn about surface area and volume. This YouTube video, “Minecraft Math – Surface Area and Volume” describes how to calculate the surface area of rectangular prisms and challenges the viewer to calculate the surface area and volume of a huge tower of TNT blocks! Another YouTube video, from the same user, demonstrates the “Volume of Prisms and Pyramids” in Minecraft and offers a challenge to calculate the area of a prism with a pyramid on top.

We spent last lesson looking at the volume and surface areas of various patterns of ‘minecraft’ blocks. Our assumption is that each Minecraft block is 1m x 1m x 1m – a cubic metre. Next lesson I would like you to create your name in Minecraft blocks and measure the volume and the surface area of your construction. Start by using the first letter of your first name. It should be a minimum of five blocks high and three blocks wide. Make sure you take a screenshot of your construction and send it to me by email.

## Euler’s Formula

### September 4, 2013

**Learning Intention: **Students will investigate Euler’s rule that describes the relationship between the number of faces, the number of edges and the number of vertices of 3D objects.

**Success Criteria:** Students will create 3D shapes using toothpicks and jelly-lollies to represent edges and vertices. They will then count and record in a table the faces, edges and vertices of the shapes and investigate Euler’s Rule.

Today we are going to learn more about 3D shapes and investigate a special relationship between the number of vertices, edges and faces of such shapes. Create the following shapes using toothpicks and jubes:

- tetrahedron
- triangular prism
- square base pyramid
- cube
- pentagonal pyramid
- pentagonal prism
- hexagonal pyramid
- hexagonal prism

Now draw a table with six columns that records the name of the polyhedron, the name of the base shape, the number of sides on the base shape, the number of faces, number of vertices and number of edges. Complete the table for each of the 8 shapes listed above. Now see if you can work out any relationship between the values in your table.

- Euler’s Rule from Maths is Fun!
- Euler’s Rule online shapes and fill in the edges, faces and vertices.
- Euler’s Rule worksheet to print
- Exploring Geometric solids worksheet to print

## Tessellations

### August 27, 2013

**Learning Intention: **“Describe translations, reflections in an axis, and rotations of multiples of 90° on the Cartesian plane using coordinates. Identify line and rotational symmetries.” “Define congruence of plane shapes using transformations.”

**Success criteria: **Students will create a design that shows various transformations of a 2D geometric shape and be able to describe the translations, reflections and rotations that have taken place to form a tessellation.

Tessellations have been popular decorations for hundreds of years, as this tiled ceiling of the Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque in Iran (1602-1619) shows. Any shape or shapes that can be repeated to fill a 2D plane can be considered tessellations; so, equilateral triangles, squares, rectangles and hexagons are all simple shapes that can be tessellated.

Maurits Cornelis Escher (1898-1972) is one of the world’s most famous graphic artists. His art has been reproduced extensively, especially his ‘impossible structures’ and his tessellations. You may have seen some of his work in your art classes. This YouTube video, Escher’s Tessellations, showcases some of his work.

We are going to create our own tessellations using one of the following methods.

1. Create a Tessellation using the paper-cut method (YouTube)

2. How to make an Escher-esque Tessellation (YouTube)

3. How to create a Tessellation (YouTube)

This fantastic site, Tessellations.org, has lots more examples of tessellations and describes different methods for creating your own, including a praying mantis design submitted by an Australian student. I would love you to create a design that you are really proud of that you can also submit to the site.

## Geometry – shapes and objects

### August 20, 2013

**Learning Intention: **

- Students will be able to identify and describe 2D shapes and understand the terms translation, reflection, dilation and rotation.
- They will be able to identify and describe, draw, plan and construct 3D objects.

**Success Criteria: **

- Students will complete a poster that shows various shapes undergoing transformations and construct a tessellation from appropriate 2D shapes.
- They will identify and describe 2D and 3D shapes from photographs.
- They will draw isometric drawings with dot paper and nets and construct 3D shapes.

So far we have learnt about the properties of polygons, especially triangles and quadrilaterals, in terms of their sides, angles, perimeter and area. Next we will be looking at TRANSFORMATIONS – how 2D shapes are translated (moved), reflected, rotated and dilated. Your task is to create a poster that shows the letters of your name undergoing each of the following transformations – translation, reflection, rotation and dilation. Draw two copies of each of four block letters of your name and then complete a transformation with one of the letters of each pair.

We will then learn more about 3D shapes and how they are drawn and constructed.

Polygon matching game – identifying 2D shapes.

Sort the shapes – identify and describe polygons

Polygon sorting – regular and irregular polygons.

More interactives from the Maths Zone (2D shapes)

Classifying 2D and 3D shapes – Geometric Figures Game

Drag and drop 3D shapes – Naming 3D shapes

Matching 3D shapes – identifying 3D shapes

More interactives from the Maths Zone (3D objects)

## Area of Composite Shapes

### August 13, 2013

**Learning Intention: “**Establish the formulas for areas of rectangles, triangles and parallelograms and use these in problem solving. Recognise and solve problems involving simple ratios.”

**Success Criteria: **Students will be able to calculate the area of various 2D shapes, including triangles, squares, rectangles and composites of these shapes. They will draw a house plan to scale and calculate the floor area of the house.

**Homework: **Measure the length and width of your bedroom and one other room in your house in meters. Notice that your doorways are about 1.0 meter wide.

Today’s task is to draw a scale plan of a holiday house. A rough estimate of the cost to construct a home is at least $1,000 per square meter. Your budget is $250,000, so the house must be less than 250 square meters in area. Use a scale – 1.0m to 1.0cm is a good way to start. So, 1.0cm on the plan, represents 100cm (1.0m) on the ground. Your scale is 1:100. Your holiday house should include the following rooms:

- Lounge/Living area
- Kitchen
- Bathroom
- 2 Bedrooms
- Laundry

## Area of a triangle

### August 7, 2013

**Learning Intention:** To understand how to calculate the area of a triangle and why the formula (A = 1/2 x base x height) works for all triangles.

**Success Criteria: **Students will complete the interactive “Area of Triangles” activity with at least 80% of answers correct.

- ABC Splash – Area of triangles
- Math Open Reference – Area of Triangles
- AAAmath – Area of triangles
- Factmonster – Baseball geometry - calculate the area of triangles

## Angles

### July 23, 2013

**Learning Intention: **“Demonstrate that the angle sum of a triangle is 180° and use this to find the angle sum of a quadrilateral.”

**Success Criteria: **Students will draw 2 copies of each of the triangles (acute, right-angled, obtuse, equilateral, isoceles and scalene) and show how, when the corners are removed, they can be placed on a straight line to form 180 degrees. This demonstrates that the sum of angles in a triangle is always 180 degrees.

This term we have started a new unit of work, learning how to estimate and measure angles. We have also identified and named triangles according to their side length and angles. Make sure you can identify and draw each of the following:

- equilateral triangle (three equal angles)
- isoceles triangle (two equal side and two equal angles)
- scalene triangle (three different angles and three different side lengths)
- acute angled triangle (all angles less than 90 degrees)
- right angled triangle (one angle of 90 degrees exactly)
- obtuse angled triangle (one angle greater than 90 degrees)

Remember that all the angles in a triangle always add to 180 degrees. The following links are to some interactive activities to investigate angles:

What’s my angle? from Ambleside Primary School.

Angle Activities from Ambleside Primary School.

Guess the angle from Crickweb.